Fork Mounted Work Platforms
There are certain requirements outlining lift truck safety requirements and the work platform ought to be built by the maker in order to conform. A custom-made designed work platform could be constructed by a licensed engineer as long as it also satisfies the design criteria according to the applicable forklift safety requirements. These customized designed platforms must be certified by a professional engineer to maintain they have in actuality been made in accordance with the engineers design and have followed all standards. The work platform should be legibly marked to display the label of the certifying engineer or the manufacturer.
There is some certain information's which are needed to be make on the machine. One instance for customized machine is that these require an identification number or a unique code linking the design and certification documentation from the engineer. When the platform is a manufactured design, the serial or part number in order to allow the design of the work platform need to be marked in able to be associated to the manufacturer's documentation. The weight of the work platform if empty, in addition to the safety requirements that the work platform was constructed to meet is amongst other necessary markings.
The rated load, or the most combined weight of the devices, people and materials permitted on the work platform have to be legibly marked on the work platform. Noting the least rated capacity of the forklift which is required so as to safely handle the work platform can be determined by specifying the minimum wheel track and forklift capacity or by the model and make of the forklift which can be used along with the platform. The process for connecting the work platform to the forks or fork carriage should likewise be specified by a licensed engineer or the manufacturer.
Another requirement meant for safety guarantees the flooring of the work platform has an anti-slip surface located not farther than 8 inches more than the standard load supporting area of the forks. There must be a means offered to be able to prevent the carriage and work platform from pivoting and rotating.
The forklift needs to be utilized by a skilled driver who is authorized by the employer to be able to use the machinery for raising staff in the work platform. The lift truck and the work platform must both be in compliance with OHSR and in good condition prior to the use of the system to raise staff. All manufacturer or designer directions which relate to safe operation of the work platform must likewise be accessible in the workplace. If the carriage of the lift truck is capable of pivoting or rotating, these functions need to be disabled to maintain safety. The work platform should be secured to the forks or to the fork carriage in the specified way provided by the work platform manufacturer or a professional engineer.
Another safety requirement states that the combined weight of the work platform and rated load must not go over one third of the rated capacity for a rough terrain forklift. On a high forklift combined loads must not go beyond one half the rated capacities for the configuration and reach being utilized. A trial lift is needed to be performed at every job location instantly prior to hoisting staff in the work platform. This process guarantees the lift truck and be situated and maintained on a proper supporting surface and even to be able to guarantee there is adequate reach to place the work platform to allow the job to be done. The trial process also checks that the mast is vertical or that the boom can travel vertically.
A test lift must be performed at every task site right away before raising staff in the work platform to guarantee the forklift can be positioned on an appropriate supporting surface, that there is enough reach to put the work platform to allow the task to be completed, and that the mast is vertical or the boom travels vertically. Using the tilt function for the mast can be utilized to assist with final positioning at the job site and the mast needs to travel in a vertical plane. The trial lift determines that enough clearance could be maintained between the elevating mechanism of the lift truck and the work platform. Clearance is also checked according to storage racks, overhead obstructions, scaffolding, as well as whatever surrounding structures, as well from hazards like for example energized device and live electrical wire.
A communication system between the forklift driver and the work platform occupants must be implemented in order to efficiently and safely control work platform operations. When there are multiple occupants on the work platform, one person ought to be designated to be the primary person accountable to signal the forklift operator with work platform motion requests. A system of hand and arm signals need to be established as an alternative method of communication in case the primary electronic or voice means becomes disabled during work platform operations.
In accordance with safety standards, workers should not be transferred in the work platform between different task sites. The work platform has to be lowered so that employees can exit the platform. If the work platform does not have railing or adequate protection on all sides, every occupant should have on an appropriate fall protection system attached to a chosen anchor point on the work platform. Employees should perform functions from the platform surface. It is strictly prohibited they do not stand on the guardrails or make use of any tools to be able to increase the working height on the work platform.
Lastly, the operator of the forklift should remain within ten feet or three meters of the controls and maintain contact visually with the work platform and lift truck. If occupied by employees, the operator must adhere to above requirements and remain in full communication with the occupants of the work platform. These guidelines aid to maintain workplace safety for everyone.
Click to Download the pdf